Impact of Digitalization on Legal Regulation: formation of new legal practices
Keywords:Digital technologies, Law-making, Law enforcement, Human rights
Objective: The objective of the research is to examine the impact of digital technologies introduced into law on the formation of new legal practices.
Method: The authors used a mixed methodological strategy. The main research method is the dialectical method. Regulatory documents of Russia and foreign countries were chosen as the information basis for the research.
Results: The article examines the Russian and international experience of organizing legal activities using innovative digital technologies that allow organizing the effective work of a lawyer in legal support of economic and other regulated activities, preparing for the adoption of regulatory legal acts, optimizing legal proceedings. The authors assess the possibilities and prospects of using intelligent digital systems in the practice of a professional lawyer, law-making, the use of artificial intelligence in the field of justice, as well as the risks that such use may carry.
Conclusions: The terms of preparation of regulatory legal acts are reduced in digital content, their quality is improved, the procedural form and other types of law enforcement are optimized. However, the total and uncontrolled use of digital technologies in law can lead to a violation of human rights. The purpose of the author of the presented article was to study the innovations used in modern jurisprudence, to determine their capabilities and limitations in use. Authors conclude that the use of digital technologies in law-making and law enforcement should be based on strict observance of basic human and civil rights
ALETRAS, N., TSARAPATSANIS, D., PREOŢIUC-PIETRO, D., LAMPOS, V. (2017). Predicting judicial decisions of the European Court of Human Rights: a Natural Language Processing perspective. PLoS ONE, 12. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj-cs.93 DOI: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj-cs.93
BONDAR, N.S. (2019). Informatsionno-tsifrovoe prostranstvo v konstitutsionnom izmerenii: iz praktiki Konstitutsionnogo Suda Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Information and digital space in the constitutional dimension: from the practice of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation]. Zhurnal rossiiskogo prava, 11, 28.
CEPEJ. (2018). European Ethical Charter on the use of artificial intelligence in judicial systems. Available from: https://rm.coe.int/ethical-charter-en-for%20publication-4-december-2018/16808f699c Accessed: 29 Apr. 2021.
CHERVONYUK, V.I. (2020). Metodologiya podgotovki nauchnogo issledovaniya v yuridicheskoi otrasli nauki [Methodology for the preparation of scientific research in the legal branch of science]. Moscow: The Vladimir Kikot Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.
CHERVONYUK, V.I. (2020). Predmet (predmetnye oblasti) i normativnaya struktura konstitutsionnogo prava v pravovom diskurse [Subject (subject areas) and normative structure of constitutional law in legal discourse]. Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2, 50–58. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31857/S013207690008401-3
CHERVONYUK, V.I. (2021a). Innovatsii v prave: Sovremennye yuridicheskie tekhnologii v kontekste pravovoi realnosti: Statya 1. Sovremennyi etap razvitiya innovatsii v prave [Innovations in Law: Modern Legal Technologies in the Context of Legal Reality: Article 1. The current stage of development of innovations in law]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii, 3, 54-57.
CHERVONYUK, V.I. (2021b). Innovatsii v prave: Sovremennye yuridicheskie tekhnologii v kontekste pravovoi realnosti: Statya 5. Tekhnologii soglasovaniya (legitimatsii soglasovannykh interesov v zakonodatelnoi deyatelnosti) [Innovations in law: modern legal technologies in the context of legal reality: Article 5. Technologies of coordination (legitimation of agreed interests in legislative activity)]. Vestnik ekonomicheskoi bezopasnosti, 2, 37-45.
FRIES, M. (2016). Man versus Machine: Using Legal Tech to Optimize the Rule of Law. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2842726 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2842726
GRITSENKO, E.V., YALUNER, YU.A. (2020). Pravo na sudebnuyu zashchitu i dostup k sudu v usloviyakh informatizatsii i tsifrovizatsii: znachenie opyta stran obshchego prava dlya Rossii [The right to judicial protection and access to court in the context of informatization and digitalization: the significance of the experience of common law countries for Russia]. Sravnitelnoe konstitutsionnoe obozrenie, 3, 97-112. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21128/1812-7126-2020-3-97-129
IVANOVA, K.A. (2020). Pravo grazhdan na zashchitu geolokatsii i konfidentsialnost v seti Internet [Citizens' right to geolocation protection and internet privacy]. Aktualnye problemy rossiiskogo prava, 9, 32–38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17803/1994-1471.2020.118.9.032-038
KAMIL, M. (2021). Whether to Save a Robot or a Human: On the Ethical and Legal Limits of Protections for Robotshttps. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2021.712427 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2021.712427
KATZ, D.M., BOMMARITO, M.J., BLACKMAN, J. (2017). A general approach for predicting the behavior of the Supreme Court of the United States. Stanford: The Stanford Center for Legal Informatics. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174698
KIRILLOVA, E.A., BLINKOV, O.E., OGNEVA, N.I., VRAZHNOV, A.S., SERGEEVA, N.V. (2020). Artificial intelligence as a new category of civil law. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, 11(1), 91-98. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14505//jarle.v11.1(47).12
KIRILLOVA, E.A., KOVAL, V.N., ZENIN, S., PARSHIN, N.M., SHLYAPNIKOVA, O.V. (2021). Digital Right Protection Principles under Digitalization. Webology, 18(SpIs September), 910-930. https://doi.org/10.14704/WEB/V18SI04/WEB18173 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14704/WEB/V18SI04/WEB18173
KONSTANTINOV, P.D. (2020). Sudeiskoe usmotrenie, shablonnost sudebnykh reshenii i priroda pravosudiya v svete predikativnogo pravosudiya [Judicial discretion, stereotyped judgments and the nature of justice in the light of predicative justice]. Arbitrazhnyi i grazhdanskii protsess, 7, 27-31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18572/1812-383X-2020-7-27-31
KORNEV, A.V. (2020). O nekotorykh tendentsiyakh razvitiya sistemy rossiiskogo zakonodatelstva v usloviyakh krizisa [On some trends in the development of the system of Russian legislation during the crisis]. Aktualnye problemy rossiiskogo prava, 6, 11–22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17803/1994-1471.2020.115.6.011-022
LANG, P.P. (2021). Pravovye tsennosti i tsifrovye tekhnologii: problema pariteta [Legal values and digital technologies: the problem of parity]. Yuridicheskaya nauka, 2, 64-69.
MELNIK, G. (2021). Klishas: the law on traffic cameras will protect Russians from unreasonable fines. Parlamentskaya gazeta. Available from: https://www.pnp.ru/politics/klishas-zakon-o-dorozhnykh-kamerakh-zashhitit-rossiyan-ot-neobosnovannykh-shtrafov.html Accessed: 29 Apr. 2021.
MIROSHNICHENKO, O.I., SAFIN, N.I., KHOKHLOVA, M.S. (2019). Iskusstvennyi intellekt v professionalnoi yuridicheskoi deyatelnosti [Artificial intelligence in professional legal practice]. Baltiiskii gumanitarnyi zhurnal, 8(4(29)), 359-363. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26140/bgz3-2019-0804-0083
MITIN, A.N. (2019). O protsessakh vnedreniya v yurisprudentsiyu novykh informaatsionnykh tekhnologii [On the processes of introducing new information technologies into jurisprudence]. Rossiiskoe pravo: obrazovanie, praktika, nauka, 3(111), 82-86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.34076/2410-2709-2019-3-82-86
PRAVKIN, S.A., SMIRNOVA, V.V. (2020). Novyi etap administrativnoi reformy v Rossii, ili chto ozhidat ot "regulyatornoi gilotiny"? [A new stage of administrative reform in Russia, or what to expect from the "regulatory guillotine"?]. Rossiiskaya yustitsiya, 7, 25–27.
Sarpekov, R.K. (2020). Tsifrovizatsiya pravovogo prostranstva [Digitalization of the legal space]. Vestnik Instituta zakonodatelstva i pravovoi informatsii Respubliki Kazakhstan, 3(61), 12-24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.52026/1994-408X_2020_62_4_12
RAMAZANOV, I.A., PANASENKO, S.V., CHEGLOV, V.P., KRASIL’NIKOVA, E.A., NIKISHIN, A.F. (2021). Study of innovative activity of the distributive industries of the Russian Federation in the context of the world economy digitalization and globalization. Nexo Revista Científica, 34(02), 926–941. https://doi.org/10.5377/nexo.v34i02.11620 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5377/nexo.v34i02.11620
SHULGIN, E.P. (2019). Zarubezhnyi opyt deyatelnosti organov, osushchestvlyayushchikh proizvodstvo po ugolovnym delam v elektronnom formate [Foreign experience of the activities of bodies carrying out criminal proceedings in electronic format]. Setevoe izdanie "Akademicheskaya mysl", 4(9), 86.
THE LAW SOCIETY. (2021). What is lawtech? Available from: https://www.lawsociety.org.uk/campaigns/lawtech/guides/what-is-lawtech Accessed: 29 Apr. 2021.
THE PROGRAM "DIGITAL ECONOMY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION". (2017). Available from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_221756/ Accessed: 29 Apr. 2021.
TURKIN, M.M. (2019). The mechanism of classifying intellectual property offenses as economic offenses. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8(3), 6094-6097. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.C5646.098319
VINICHENKO, M.V., MELNICHUK, A.V., KARÁCSONY, P. (2020). Technologies of improving the university efficiency by using artificial intelligence: Motivational aspect. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 7(4), 2696-2714. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2020.7.4(9)
VOLODINA, S.I., GAVRILOV, S.N. (2020). Digital transformation of the Russian legal profession. Revista Inclusiones, 7(Especial), 1-10.
ZAVYALOV, I.A., BOZIEV, T.O., BUKHAROV, N.N., SHAKHMATOV, A.V., PCHOLOVSKY, N.K. (2021). The concept of crime detection in Russian law. Cuestiones Políticas, 39(70), 598-606. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.3970.35 DOI: https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.3970.35
ZIKEEV, V. (2020). Lawmaking and "digit" (longread on the topic). Available from: https://zakon.ru/blog/2020/3/2/zakonotvorchestvo_i_cifra_longrid_na_temu Accessed: 29 Apr. 2021.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 CAMPO JURÍDICO
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms: the author(s) authorize(s) the publication of the text in the journal;
2. The author(s) ensure(s) that the contribution is original and unpublished and that it is not in the process of evaluation by another journal;
3. The journal is not responsible for the views, ideas and concepts presented in articles, and these are the sole responsibility of the author(s);
4. The publishers reserve the right to make textual adjustments and adapt texts to meet with publication standards.
5. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right to first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Atribuição NãoComercial 4.0 internacional, which allows the work to be shared with recognized authorship and initial publication in this journal.
6. Authors are allowed to assume additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g. publish in institutional repository or as a book chapter), with recognition of authorship and initial publication in this journal.
7. Authors are allowed and are encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on a personal web page) at any point before or during the editorial process, as this can generate positive effects, as well as increase the impact and citations of the published work (see the effect of Free Access) at http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html
• 8. Authors are able to use ORCID is a system of identification for authors. An ORCID identifier is unique to an individual and acts as a persistent digital identifier to ensure that authors (particularly those with relatively common names) can be distinguished and their work properly attributed.